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Southeast Zone weekly wildlife viewing report

SOUTHEAST ZONE VIEWING

Harney County

Waterfowl spring migration has slowed and most white geese and white-fronted geese have headed migrated north. Pintail, shoveler, wigeon, mallard, gadwall, green-winged teal, cinnamon teal and a variety of diver species can still be viewed in good numbers. Sandhill cranes can be found in agricultural fields throughout the Harney Basin.

Shorebird migration is well underway. Lesser yellow legs, killdeer, avocets, black-necked stilts, white-faced ibis, curlews, willets, pelicans, great egrets and western grebes are some species that have arrived. A large number of franklins, ring-billed and California gulls can also be found.

Wintering passerine species (dark-eyed juncos and house finches) are still fairly active around the county. Spring passerine migrants should be increasing in diversity and number as the season progresses. Spotted towhees, red-winged blackbirds and white-crowned sparrows and goldfinches are a few that have shown up.

Raptors continue to be found throughout the area. You should be able to view golden eagles, bald eagles and a variety of hawks perching on telephone poles and fence posts throughout the district. Resident raptors such as northern harriers and red-tailed hawks are very easily observed in open agricultural areas along with rough-legged hawks and an occasional ferruginous.

Sage grouse are just starting to attend leks. Binoculars or spotting scopes are needed to observe sage grouse as getting close to the leks will flush the birds.

The increased daylight hours has promoted some significant green up on the winter ranges. Mule deer can be found in foothill areas around the basin.

Bighorn sheep have moved up into the steeper country to begin lambing. Sheep can be viewed with a good pair of binoculars or spotting scope along rocky outcroppings south of Frenchglen and along the east side of the Steens. 4/23/13.

KLAMATH COUNTY

Klamath Falls Area

Spring migration is in full swing with new arrivals every day including American white pelicans, killdeer, western grebes, clark’s grebes, and several swallow species.

Thousands of spring migrant geese including greater white-fronted geese, lesser snow geese and Ross’s geese can be observed from just south of Klamath Falls down to stateline road. These birds will stage in the Klamath Basin until late April as the birds return to Arctic nesting areas.

Greater sandhill cranes are returning from southern wintering areas and can be found foraging in agricultural lands in the basin.

Yellow-bellied marmots have emerged from their winter dens as the days become longer and warmer. Look to rock piles and rocky bluffs to find these large, ground dwelling creatures.

For those with a keen eye for migrating songbirds, the Klamath Basin is within the migratory paths of thousands of neotropical migrants and other passerines at this time of year as they journey to nesting areas from here to the arctic north. Binoculars will help greatly in spotting these tiny migrants as they pass through. Many passerine migrants are also identifiable by song for those who listen.

Excellent viewing opportunities exist as close as downtown Klamath Falls at Veteran’s Park. Be sure to check for bald eagles using the perch snag along Lake Ewuana. Another close viewing opportunity is the Link River Trail where viewers will see many species of passerines as well as a few mammals including deer, gray fox and mink. 3/26/13.

Klamath Wildlife Area

Public use is restricted to the public roads and parking lots from Feb. 1 to April 30 to minimize disturbance to migrating wildlife.

Effective Jan.1, 2013, a Wildlife Area Parking Permit is required to park on the Wildlife Area. Cost is $7 daily or $22 annually. Free with purchase of hunting license. Buy online or at an ODFW office that sells licenses or at a license sales agent. Learn more.

Waterfowl

Snow geese, Ross’s geese and white-front geese are in abundant numbers grazing in pastures. They will be heading northward for their breeding areas soon. Great Basin Canada geese are beginning to pair and develop territories. The Klamath River near the boat ramp has melted and large numbers of diving ducks can be seen.

Bufflehead, ring-necked ducks, and ruddy ducks are becoming more common. Tundra swans may be seen loafing in many of the open water areas on the Miller Island Unit.

Sandhill cranes have returned to the basin. They can be seen foraging in the open fields.

Klamath Basin waterfowl numbers are available on the US Fish and Wildlife website at http://www.fws.gov/klamathbasinrefuges/cenfindex.html

Running and training of dogs is allowed only in the Dog Training Area by the boat ramp on Klamath River until August 1, 2013.

Overnight camping is not allowed on the Miller Island Unit. Discharge of firearms is prohibited except by permit. If you have any questions, please contact Klamath Wildlife Area at (541) 883-5734 or lanny.a.fujishin@state.or.us. 3/9/13.

LAKE COUNTY

Spring migration continues and flocks of Lesser Sandhill Cranes and White-fronted Geese are present in all the major valleys. Ducks of various species are abundant and shorebird numbers will steadily increase through April. Long-billed Curlew, Willets and Ibis have all showed up in the last 10 days. Migrating shore birds are increasing on Lake Abert. Bald eagle numbers will increase with the waterfowl migration. Due to the amount of precipitation received to date, access will be very limited on all but the paved and all-weather gravel roads.

Bighorn sheep are moving to the steep cliffs for lambing. On Fish Creek and Abert rims they can still be seen on open slopes feeding early in the morning or late in the afternoon. Binoculars or a spotting scope will improve your viewing experience. 4/23/13

SUMMER LAKE WILDLIFE AREA

This section was updated on April 22, 2013

Summer Lake Wildlife Area requires a $7 daily parking permit or a $22 annual parking permit. Parking permits can be purchased at any ODFW license agent or through the ODFW website. Locally, parking permits can be purchased at the Summer Lake Store, 1.3 miles north of Headquarters.

Vehicle access to the Wildlife Viewing Loop is now open. The Wildlife Viewing Loop will remain open until early fall. Major dike roads (Bullgate, Gold and Windbreak dikes and the Work Road) are closed to motor vehicles, other forms of non-motorized access are allowed.

All secondary roads and dikes continue to remain closed and cross-country travel is prohibited. Non-motorized travel is permitted.

Northward migrating waterfowl continue to stage in fair numbers, although most species are beginning to depart. Nearly all lesser snow geese have departed. Greater white-fronted geese are still present, but their numbers will continue to decrease as they move out of the area enroute to more northerly staging and nesting areas. A major exodus occurred over the past weekend. Northern shoveler numbers continued to increase over the past week and can be found throughout the area.

Breeding season is underway for early nesting species and viewers are reminded that running or training of dogs is prohibited. Please keep dogs on leash or under very close control during this critical time of the year.

Waterfowl

Northward migrants continue to arrive but most species have declined in number as they move to northerly nesting areas. The last weekly waterbird count conducted on April 10, found about 9,200 ducks (14 species) and 1,500 geese (Canada, snow and white-fronted geese). About 50 snow geese remain,

Waterfowl are widely scattered across the wildlife area’s wetlands at this time.

Cinnamon teal numbers are slowly increasing and they are spreading out into breeding territories. Blue-winged teal should be encountered soon.

Many mallards have formed pairs and are dispersing to breeding territories and early nesting efforts should be underway at this time.

Greater white-fronted geese are still fairly numerous at this time with over 1,100 observed during the weekly count. Most of these are the larger, darker “Tule” subspecies that nest in the Upper Cook Inlet of Alaska.

Canada goose nesting is underway, pairs and attending ganders are scattered across the entire wildlife area. Many Canada geese are on nests, and the first broods were observed last week. Viewers are urged to minimize disturbance and move away quickly if birds are flushed.

Tundra swans have moved out of the area en-route to more northerly staging and nesting areas. A few non-breeding trumpeters can be found scattered across the wildlife area. All of the restoration birds will be neck-banded with green collars and white alphanumeric symbols. Viewers are encouraged to “read” the collars and report them to wildlife area personnel. Collars will have the Greek letter Theta (Ѳ) and two side-ways laying numerals that are read from the body toward the head.

Shorebirds, waders and other waterbirds

Shorebirds are beginning to increase in number and diversity. American avocet, black-necked stilts, long-billed curlews, long-billed dowitchers, dunlin and several other species continued to increase in numbers over the week. Spring arrivals of snowy plover and western willet were observed over this past week.

American coot numbers remain good and are found in open water areas across the entire wildlife area―more than 1,200 were found on the weekly count.

Sandhill crane numbers continue to increase as nesting pairs return to traditional territories, about 20 pairs were observed during the weekly count. Non-breeders and migrants continue to stage especially in the Foster Place and along the north shore of Summer Lake. Cranes are very vocal now, proclaiming territories to adjacent pairs especially during early morning and evening hours.

Grebe (eared, pied-billed, Western and Clark’s) numbers continued to increase over the past week and can be found scattered throughout the area.

A few American bittern, the occasional black-crowned night-heron and a few great blue herons are present in low numbers and are widely scattered across the entire wildlife area. These species should increase in number in the next several weeks. American white pelican and double-crested cormorant numbers continued to increase over the last week.

Several hundred ring-billed and a few gulls are occupying the nesting island in the East Link Unit. First of Spring Bonaparte’s gulls and Caspian terns were observed last week.

Raptors and Others

Resident and migrant raptors, especially red-tailed hawks are scattered throughout the Wildlife Area as well as on private lands along Hwy. 31.

Rough-legged hawks are still present in very low numbers; nearly all have departed the area enroute to arctic breeding areas.

Northern harriers are commonly observed over marsh and hay meadows.

Ospreys have returned and are occupying the nest platforms at Ana Reservoir and Turner Place.

Bald and golden eagle numbers remain low due to the declining numbers of waterfowl. Feeding and roosting flocks of waterfowl are closely attended by eagles, looking for debilitated or sick individuals.

Prairie falcons are fairly common residents of the area and are frequently seen during this time of the year. Migrant accipiters continue to be observed, primarily at Headquarters. Spring migrants will be moving through the area soon.

Great horned owl and the occasional common-barn and short-eared owl can be found scattered across the entire wildlife area, especially in the trees at campgrounds. Great horned owls are hatching chicks at this time.

Of interest was the observation of a barred owl at Headquarters that has been seen off and on during the past several months.

Upland game birds

California quail and ring-necked pheasants are widely scattered across the north end of the wildlife area. The feeder at Headquarters allows for excellent viewing of California quail.

Passerines

Spring migrants continue to arrive, almost daily. Cliff and tree swallows continue to increase in number, and are active in searching out nesting sites.

Eurasian collared doves remain very numerous at Headquarters Complex, over 25 are present. American and lesser goldfinches and several species of sparrows are fairly numerous at Headquarters/old homesteads and other tree and shrub sites.

A large influx of white-crowned sparrows occurred over the past week. Golden-crowned sparrows, Cassin’s and house finches were also observed. Occasionally, evening grosbeaks and cedar waxwings can be found Brewer’s, red-winged and yellow-headed blackbirds can be found scattered across wetland areas and homestead site. They are becoming very vocal, especially during sunny days. Brown-headed cowbirds have arrived and are increasing in number.

Migrant yellow-rumped warblers arrived last week and are increasing in number and distribution across the entire area.

First of spring observations of western kingbird and Am. crows occurred over the past weekend.

European starlings are active in searching out nesting cavities.

Facilities and Access

As of Jan. 1, 2012, Summer Lake Wildlife Area requires a $7 daily parking permit or a $22 annual parking permit. Parking permits can be purchased at any Point of Sale Agent or through the ODFW website. Please remember: New 2013 parking permits are now required!

Locally, parking permits can be purchased at the Summer Lake Store, 1.3 miles north of Headquarters.

The Wildlife Viewing Loop is open and provides excellent opportunities for wildlife viewing and photography. It will remain open until early fall. The major dike roads (Bullgate, Windbreak and Work Road) are now closed to motor vehicle traffic. Non-motorized travel is allowed.

All secondary roads and dikes continue to remain closed and cross-country travel is prohibited. Non-motorized travel is permitted.

Camping is permitted at four sites on the Wildlife Area. Campgrounds are primitive but each has vault toilets, trash barrels and a few picnic tables.

Habitat

Nearly all wetland units are well flooded at this time. Bullgate Refuge is being drawdown and will be held dry in preparation for wetland restoration later this summer. Receding water levels and areas exposed by controlled burning will provide increased foraging opportunities to a wide variety of wildlife.

Emergent wetland vegetation is mostly lodged over allowing for good viewing conditions. New growth cattail is beginning to appear in some canals and ditches.

Upland habitat remains in excellent condition with considerable residual vegetation that is providing high quality food and cover for many wildlife species. Green-up of early growing forbs and grasses is extensive at this time.

Planted tree and shrub plots are providing excellent sheltered sites for many wildlife species and many plants are leafed-out.

Please contact Summer Lake Wildlife Area at (541) 943-3152 or e-mail martin.j.stlouis@state.or.us for additional information.

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