Civilians arrive at UNMISS compound adjacent to Juba International Airport to take refuge on Dec 17. Sporadic gunfire rang out in the capital, Juba, overnight as the military "cleared out remnants" of a faction of soldiers accused of mounting a coup attempt, the country's foreign minister said Tuesday amid an ongoing hunt for the former deputy president who is accused of leading the failed plot.
AP Photo/UNMISS/Rolla Hinedi
JUBA, South Sudan— At least 500 people, most of them soldiers, have been killed in South Sudan since Sunday, a senior government official said as an ethnic rivalry threatened to tear apart the world’s newest country.
Some of the victims “were shot in the bushes” around Juba, the capital, Information Minister Micheal Makuei Lueth told The Associated Press on Wednesday, citing a report from the minister of defense.
He said up to 700 others had been wounded.
The clashes apparently are pitting soldiers from the majority Dinka tribe of President Salva Kiir against those from ousted Vice President Riek Machar’s Nuer ethnic group.
South Sudan has been plagued by ethnic violence since it peacefully broke away from Sudan in 2011 after decades of civil war.
Machar is now the subject of manhunt by the country’s military after he was identified by Kiir as the leader of an alleged coup attempt on Sunday. Machar has denied he was behind any coup attempt.
The fighting began Sunday in the capital under circumstances that are still unclear, but the city was mostly calm Wednesday amid a heavy security presence.
South Sudanese military spokesman Col. Philip Aguer told the AP there was fighting early Wednesday among troops in Jonglei, the largest state in South Sudan, and he was trying to confirm reports there of desertions from the military.
“We are cautiously monitoring the situation,” he said. “We don’t know who is fighting who.”
Casie Copeland, the South Sudan analyst for the International Crisis Group who is in Juba, said key Nuer leaders in the army were defecting in Jonglei but that “events that led to Sunday’s fighting remain unclear.”
She said parts of Juba have been reduced to rubble by the fighting of the past few days.
U.N. diplomats in New York said Tuesday that as many as 500 people have been killed in the violence since Sunday but didn’t describe how they arrived at that number. Copeland told the AP earlier that she had heard of casualty figures that exceeded 500, but that included both the dead and the wounded.
A dusk-to-dawn curfew was in place in Juba and an AP reporter saw a heavy police and army presence on its streets.
EgyptAir said it resumed its flights to Juba following a three-day suspension.
About 20,000 people have sought refuge at U.N. facilities in Juba since Sunday.
On Tuesday the United States ordered its citizens to leave South Sudan immediately. The U.S. diplomatic mission in Juba said on Twitter that an evacuation flight was full on Wednesday and that it would advise if there was another flight on Thursday.
In a BBC interview Wednesday, Machar denied any link with the current fighting and blamed it on a conflict between members of the presidential guard. He added that government troops used the incident to arrest some of his supporters on Monday and that he himself escaped.
“Someone wanted to frame me,” he said. “I had to flee. They are hunting me down.”
Foreign Minister Barnaba Marial Benjamin, however, insisted that Machar had orchestrated the violence in a bid to take power.
“If he wants to become president, he needs to wait for elections,” Benjamin said. “He wants to be president, but in the wrong way.”
At least 10 political leaders have been arrested over their roles in the alleged coup, the government said.
Tensions had been mounting in South Sudan since Kiir fired Machar as his deputy in July, sparking concerns about possible tribal clashes. Machar, who has said he will contest the presidency in 2015, said after he was fired that if the country is to be united it cannot tolerate “one man’s rule or it cannot tolerate dictatorship.”
His ouster, part of a wider dismissal of the entire Cabinet by Kiir, had followed reports of a power struggle within the ruling party.
Muhumuza reported from Kampala, Uganda. Associated Press reporter Sarah El Deeb in Cairo contributed to this report.
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