SOUTHEAST ZONE VIEWING
Waterfowl migration has stopped and most waterfowl found now will be breeding pairs on territories and initiating nesting sites.
Sandhill cranes can be found in agricultural fields throughout the Harney Basin.
Shorebird migration is slowing. Birding will be more difficult as birds begin to initiate nesting. Lesser yellow legs, killdeer, avocets, black-necked stilts, white-faced ibis, curlews, willets, pelicans, egrets and a variety of grebes species are a few of what can be seen. Forester’s terns, black terns, franklins, ring-billed and California gulls can also be found.
Spring passerine migrants continue to increase in diversity and number as the season progresses. Malheur National Wildlife Refuge is the summer home to some unique passerines and is an excellent place for birding.
Raptors continue to be found throughout the area. You should be able to view osprey around lakes and reservoirs, golden eagles, a few bald eagles, red-tailed hawks, northern harriers, prairie falcons and ferruginous hawks.
Bighorn sheep viewing will be very difficult at this time as sheep are having their lambs and will stay near steep rugged terrain. Viewers are urged not to disturb sheep during this sensitive time period. Mule deer will be widely scattered and secretive this time of year as they prepare for fawning. The first of the antelope fawns have been seen, and wildlife viewers can expect to see plenty more in the weeks to come.
Klamath Falls Area
Flooded pastures around the basin offer great viewing for white-faced ibis as they forage on earthworms and other insects. These birds are colony nesters and utilize wetland vegetation to nest.
American white pelicans, killdeer, western grebes, Clark’s grebes and several swallow species continue in their nesting season in the Basin. The courtship rituals of both western and Clark’s grebes are both distinct and visually stunning and should not be missed by those with an appreciation of such things. Upper Klamath Lake is currently home to thousands of grebes, and viewing opportunities exist along the shore as well as from boat.
Canada goose broods are now abundant in the Basin. Though goslings are not yet flighted, they have the markings of adults and are only distinguishable by size and the dull grey colors of their first adult colored feathers. Look to ponds and wetland areas in the Basin for large groups of geese representing several broods.
Greater sandhill cranes are now actively nesting and the first colts are starting to appear after hatching.
Yellow-bellied marmots have emerged from their winter dens as the days become longer and warmer. Look to rock piles and rocky bluffs to find these large, ground dwelling creatures.
For those with a keen eye for migrating songbirds, the Klamath Basin is within the migratory paths of thousands of neotropical migrants and other passerines at this time of year as they journey to nesting areas from here to the arctic north. Binoculars will help greatly in spotting these tiny migrants as they pass through. Many passerine migrants are also identifiable by song for those who listen.
Excellent viewing opportunities exist as close as downtown Klamath Falls at Veteran’s Park. Be sure to check for bald eagles using the perch snag along Lake Ewuana.
Another close viewing opportunity is the Link River Trail where viewers will see many species of passerines as well as a few mammals including deer, gray fox and mink. 6/11/13.
Klamath Wildlife Area
Effective Jan.1, 2013, a Wildlife Area Parking Permit is required to park on the Wildlife Area. Cost is $7 daily or $22 annually. Free with purchase of hunting license. Buy online or at an ODFW office that sells licenses or at a license sales agent. Learn more.
Great Basin Canada geese are evident with goslings in tow. Mallard, gadwall and teal can be seen with ducklings as well. White pelicans can be seen foraging for fish in many of the ponds and waterways.
Sandhill cranes have returned to the basin. They can be seen foraging in the open fields and are occasionally accompanied by their young (colts).
Klamath Basin waterfowl numbers are available on the US Fish and Wildlife website at http://www.fws.gov/klamathbasinrefuges/cenfindex.html
Running and training of dogs is allowed only in the Dog Training Area by the boat ramp on Klamath River until August 1, 2013.
Overnight camping is not allowed on the Miller Island Unit. Discharge of firearms is prohibited except by permit. If you have any questions, please contact Klamath Wildlife Area at (541) 883-5734 or email@example.com. 5/14/13.
For all species, spring migration is over. Resident nesting duck species are fairly abundant. All of the shorebird species that nest in Lake County have arrived. For shorebird viewing, Lake Abert and the Warner Valley lakes are the best locations. All the resident nesting raptor species are present in appropriate habitats. The highest diversity of raptor species is associated with the major valleys in the county.
Bighorn lambs were born in late April or early May and are big enough to start travelling with adults. Most Antelope fawns were born in late May, fawn mule deer and calf elk will be born by early June.
Young of any species should be left alone. Do not try to catch baby birds or mammals because you think they are abandoned. Young are rarely abandoned by their parent, if you leave the area the mother will return to care for her young. 6/3/13.
SUMMER LAKE WILDLIFE AREA
This section was updated on June 11, 2013
Summer Lake Wildlife Area requires a $7 daily parking permit or a $22 annual parking permit. Parking permits can be purchased at any ODFW license agent or through the ODFW website. Locally, parking permits can be purchased at the Summer Lake Store, 1.3 miles north of Headquarters.
Vehicle access to the Wildlife Viewing Loop is open. The Wildlife Viewing Loop will remain open until early fall. Major dike roads (Bullgate, Gold and Windbreak dikes and the Work Road) are closed to motor vehicles, other forms of non-motorized access are allowed.
All secondary roads and dikes continue to remain closed and cross-country travel is prohibited. Non-motorized travel is permitted.
Breeding season is underway for all nesting species and viewers are reminded that running or training of dogs is prohibited. Please keep dogs on leash or under very close control during this critical time of the year. Vegetation adjacent to campgrounds attracts a wide variety of ground nesting birds and some shorebirds (Am. avocets, killdeer and willet) nest in open areas, especially along roads.
Nearly all duck pairs have dispersed to breeding territories across the entire wildlife area. Mallard, gadwall and cinnamon teal pairs are very numerous. Breeding season is underway and bachelor groups of mallards are becoming very obvious as hens are incubating clutches or rearing broods.
Canada goose nesting is nearly over. Most pairs are actively rearing broods now on large ponds away from human activity. Molting will begin soon and birds will become very secretive as they become flightless. Viewers are urged to minimize disturbance and move away quickly if birds are flushed off nests or if broods are encountered.
A few non-breeding trumpeters, part of restoration efforts can be found scattered across the wildlife area. Last week, 12 different individuals were observed. All of the restoration birds will be neck-banded with green collars and white alphanumeric symbols. Viewers are encouraged to “read” the collars and report them to wildlife area personnel. Collars will have the Greek letter Theta (Ѳ) and two side-ways laying numerals that are read from the body toward the head.
Shorebirds, waders and other waterbirds
Shorebird nesting is underway. All nine nesting species are dispersed widely across the wildlife area.
The recent restoration work in the Between The Dikes area is very attractive to nesting American avocet, black-necked stilts and several other species.
Long-billed curlews are nesting now and have become somewhat secretive as chicks are hatching.
Snowy plovers have been observed regularly in the E. Link Unit and along Deepwater Canal.
American coot numbers remain good and breeding pairs and single birds are found in open water areas across the entire wildlife area. Nesting is underway for this very abundant species. Sora and Virginia rails are heard very frequently and occasionally heard across the entire wildlife area, a brood was observed last week.
Sandhill crane pairs are well dispersed in their traditional nesting territories. At least two broods of newly hatched colts (chicks) were observed over the past week. About 20 pairs can be found scattered across the wildlife area. Non-breeders and a few late migrants continue to stage especially in the Foster Place and along the north shore of Summer Lake.
Grebe (eared, pied-billed, Western and Clark’s) numbers are fairly stable now, and nesting is underway for many species. Pied-billed grebes are very vocal now especially in the early morning hours.
American bittern, black-crowned night-heron and great egrets are fairly numerous now. The “pumper-lump” calling of bitterns is very common place morning and evenings. A substantial number of white-faced ibis are present and a nesting colony is present for the first time in several years. Great blue herons are present in low numbers and are widely scattered across the entire wildlife area. Snowy egrets continue to be observed occasionally. Black-crowned night-herons and great egrets are nesting within the large ibis colony.
American white pelican and double-crested cormorant numbers are fairly good at present. Nesting activity has started; a few nests were recently located.
Several hundred ring-billed, a few California gulls and Caspian terns are occupying the nesting island in the East Link Unit, at least 20 tern nests have been observed. Nesting is underway for all species. Several hundred ring-billed and a few California gulls are actively nesting at this time. Bonaparte’s and Franklin’s gulls were observed over the past week. Franklin’s gull are nesting again this year.
Forster’s terns are scattered widely across the entire area and nesting underway. Black terns have been observed consistently over the past week.
Raptors and Others
Resident raptors, especially red-tailed hawks are scattered throughout the Wildlife Area as well as on private lands along Hwy. 31. Swainson’s hawks are sometimes observed.
Northern harriers are commonly observed over marsh and hay meadows but in low numbers indicating females are incubating clutches or pairs are rearing chicks at this time.
Ospreys have returned and are occupying the nest platforms at Ana Reservoir and Turner Place. A new breeding pair is constructing a nest between these two established locations. Birds can be observed foraging over Ana Reservoir and the upper Ana River. Chicks were observed this past week.
Bald and golden eagles are occasionally observed on the wildlife area. A pair of bald eagles is nesting nearby on Winter Ridge and adults can be found foraging over the wildlife area’s wetlands on a near daily basis.
Prairie falcons are fairly common residents of the area and are frequently seen during this time of the year.
Great horned owls and the occasional common-barn and short-eared owl can be found scattered across the entire wildlife area, especially in the trees at campgrounds. Great horned owls are fledging chicks at this time.
Upland game birds
California quail and ring-necked pheasants are widely scattered across the north end of the wildlife area. Breeding season is well underway for both these species. A pheasant brood was observed recently.
Spring migration is over, the last migrant (common nighthawk) was observed last week. Barn, cliff and tree nesting is well underway. Bank and northern rough-winged swallows continue to be observed. Colonies of these cavity nesting species can be found in the Upper Ana River canyon.
Eurasian collared doves remain very numerous at Headquarters Complex; more than 25 are present. Mourning doves can be found scattered throughout the area, a large number can be found in the Church, Dutchy and Swanie Field areas.
American goldfinches and pine siskins are seen on a regular basis, especially at Headquarters.
Occasionally, black-headed and evening grosbeaks, house finches and cedar waxwings can be observed.
Brewer’s, red-winged and yellow-headed blackbirds can be found scattered across wetland areas and homestead sites. They are becoming very vocal, as are western meadowlarks. Brown-headed cowbirds remain very numerous and widely spread across the wildlife area.
Yellow warblers remain very vocal at Headquarters and western wood-pewees were heard as well.
Hummingbirds (black-chinned, calliope and rufous) and northern orioles are utilizing feeders at Headquarters.
Facilities and Access
As of Jan. 1, 2012, Summer Lake Wildlife Area requires a $7 daily parking permit or a $22 annual parking permit. Parking permits can be purchased at any Point of Sale Agent or through the ODFW website. Please remember: Calendar year 2013 parking permits are required!
Locally, parking permits can be purchased at the Summer Lake Store, 1.3 miles north of Headquarters.
The Wildlife Viewing Loop is open and provides excellent opportunities for wildlife viewing and photography. It will remain open until early fall. The major dike roads (Bullgate, Windbreak and Work Road) are now closed to motor vehicle traffic. Non-motorized travel is allowed.
All secondary roads and dikes continue to remain closed and cross-country travel is prohibited. Non-motorized travel is permitted.
Camping is permitted at four sites on the Wildlife Area. Campgrounds are primitive but each has vault toilets, trash barrels and a few picnic tables.
Nearly all wetland units are beginning to recede at this time due to irrigation season withdrawals and increased evaporation. Bullgate Refuge is being drawdown and will be held dry in preparation for wetland restoration later this summer.
Emergent wetland vegetation is vigorously growing across the entire area at this time.
Upland habitat remains in excellent condition with considerable residual vegetation and extensive new growth that is providing high quality food and cover for many wildlife species.
Planted tree and shrub plots are providing excellent sheltered sites for many wildlife species. Nearly all trees and shrubs are leafed-out and most species are in blossom or have set fruit at this time.
Please contact Summer Lake Wildlife Area at (541) 943-3152 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org for additional information.